Joseph Mallord William Turner
Joseph Turner was one of the original painters of landscapes and seascapes in Europe. He used new techniques to make skies and clouds look luminous. People at the time were very opinionated about his work because it was unlike any other artists at the time. He commonly used watercolour for his landscape paintings. He was influenced by Claude Lorrain and studied Lorrain’s paintings obsessively. He also travelled extensively in Europe to find new scenes to paint. He is best know for his paintings:
The Fighting Temeraire (1839)
and Rain, Steam and Speed (1844)
Carleton Watkins (1829-1916)
Carleton Watkins moved to San Francisco in 1853, where he by chance got to learn how to take photographs as he stepped in for an absent employee at a photography studio.He soon opened a photography studio of his own taking photographs for land dispute cases and mining interests. He became well known over the next two decades and produced amazing pieces of work. Watkins lived in San Francisco from 1853- 1906 and lost his studio in an earthquake. He used this to document the rapid growth of the city. Watkins searched for ways to bring his subjects to life. One of those ways was using a stereo camera that produced two nearly identical photographs of the same scene which when they were viewed through a binocular viewer called a stereoscope it gave the images a 3D illusion.
Watkins didn’t appreciate the size of a traditional camera and asked a cabinet maker in 1861 to build a huge camera for him that would shoot negatives that were 18 by 22 inches (mammoth plates). He used these plates to capture enormous landscapes in the West of America as well as mass amounts of detail in these photos. From then on he carried his huge camera, tripod, glass plates and portable darkroom everywhere he went. Here are some examples of his work:
If it weren’t not for Robert Vance these photography may not have existed as Vance was the one who taught Watkins the basics of photography. In 1867 Watkins opened his first public gallery.
Ansel Easton Adams was an American photographer and environmentalist. He is very well known for his black and white landscape photography.
“you don’t take a photograph you make it”- Ansel Adams.
Eliot Porter was an American photographer best known for his colour photographs of nature. He was an amateur photographer since his childhood and was known for photographing the Great Spruce Head Island which was owned by his family.